Recommended Immunizations For Children From Birth Through 6 Years Old Page 2


Vaccine-Preventable Diseases and the Vaccines that Prevent Them
Disease spread by Disease symptoms
Disease complications
Infected blisters, bleeding disorders, encephalitis (brain
Varicella vaccine protects against chickenpox. Air, direct contact
Rash, tiredness, headache, fever
swelling), pneumonia (infection in the lungs)
Sore throat, mild fever, weakness, swollen
Swelling of the heart muscle, heart failure, coma,
DTaP* vaccine protects against diphtheria.
Air, direct contact
glands in neck
paralysis, death
Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain
and spinal cord), intellectual disability, epiglottitis
Hib vaccine protects against Haemophilus
May be no symptoms unless bacteria
Air, direct contact
(life-threatening infection that can block the windpipe
influenzae type b.
enter the blood
and lead to serious breathing problems), pneumonia
(infection in the lungs), death
May be no symptoms, fever, stomach pain,
Direct contact, contaminated
Liver failure, arthralgia (joint pain), kidney, pancreatic,
Hepatitis A
HepA vaccine protects against hepatitis A.
loss of appetite, fatigue, vomiting, jaundice
food or water
and blood disorders
(yellowing of skin and eyes), dark urine
May be no symptoms, fever, headache,
Contact with blood or
Hepatitis B
HepB vaccine protects against hepatitis B.
weakness, vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of
Chronic liver infection, liver failure, liver cancer
body fluids
skin and eyes), joint pain
Fever, muscle pain, sore throat, cough,
Influenza (Flu)
Flu vaccine protects against influenza.
Air, direct contact
Pneumonia (infection in the lungs)
extreme fatigue
Encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia (infection in
MMR** vaccine protects against measles.
Air, direct contact
Rash, fever, cough, runny nose, pinkeye
the lungs), death
Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain
Swollen salivary glands (under the jaw), fever,
MMR**vaccine protects against mumps.
Air, direct contact
and spinal cord) , encephalitis (brain swelling), inflam-
headache, tiredness, muscle pain
mation of testicles or ovaries, deafness
DTaP* vaccine protects against pertussis
Severe cough, runny nose, apnea (a pause in
Air, direct contact
Pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death
(whooping cough).
breathing in infants)
Air, direct contact, through
May be no symptoms, sore throat, fever,
IPV vaccine protects against polio.
Paralysis, death
the mouth
nausea, headache
May be no symptoms, pneumonia (infection
Bacteremia (blood infection), meningitis (infection of
PCV vaccine protects against pneumococcus. Air, direct contact
in the lungs)
the covering around the brain and spinal cord), death
RV vaccine protects against rotavirus.
Through the mouth
Diarrhea, fever, vomiting
Severe diarrhea, dehydration
Children infected with rubella virus sometimes
Very serious in pregnant women —can lead to miscar-
MMR** vaccine protects against rubella.
Air, direct contact
have a rash, fever, swollen lymph nodes
riage, stillbirth, premature delivery, birth defects
Stiffness in neck and abdominal muscles,
DTaP* vaccine protects against tetanus.
Exposure through cuts in skin
Broken bones, breathing difficulty, death
difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, fever
* DTaP combines protection against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis.
** MMR combines protection against measles, mumps, and rubella.
Last updated December 2016 • CS272886-E


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