The Purpose Of A Lesson Plan


The purpose of a lesson plan:
To pinpoint what information and skills the student needs to learn
and how to get her to learn it.
Tutoring is an organized exercise in trial and error. There are no sure-fire methods of successful teaching
– though some work more often than others; see the “Tutoring Techniques” resource sheet – beyond
continually adjusting to the student’s style of learning and interests. To start out you will need to make
an educated guess of what will be most effective for your student. That guess, put into practice in your
first session, will give you valuable feedback on what works and what doesn’t. A lesson plan will allow
you to evaluate these mistakes and successes and use them to concretely benefit your student.
Remember, the key here is experimentation! The more you play around with different techniques, the
more you’ll figure out what works.
three parts
There are
to a lesson plan:
Where is your student now?
Where does she need to be?
How will you get her there?
Breaking these questions down into specifics gives you a definitive lesson plan. A sample is provided
below from sessions with a second grade student named Arielle, who is working on her math skills.
Where is my student now? What was she doing well in our last session, and what was difficult?
Last session my goal was for Arielle to gain a deeper understanding of the borrowing technique used
with subtraction. To accomplish this I experimented with representing a number physically, to give
Arielle a physical sense of place value and what it means to take something from the ten’s column and
move it to the one’s column. I was not able to ascertain the effectiveness of this technique because we
ran into a major difficulty: Arielle couldn’t concentrate.
Where does she need to be? What skills does she need to gain? What information?
In order for Arielle to learn anything effectively she needs to be able to concentrate. This means both
my learning to motivate her concentration and teaching her discipline so she can choose to concentrate
on her own.
How will I get her there? What techniques will help her gain the skills she needs?
This is the final and most important part of your lesson plan.
See the next sheet for an example outline.


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