ROMANTIC LOVE SCALE
Rubin, Z (1970). Measurement of romantic love. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 16,
Description of Measure:
A 13-item measure of romantic love designed to capture three components of love: affiliative and
dependent need, a predisposition to help, and an orientation of exclusiveness and absorption. Each
item has a blank which respondents are directed to fill in with the name of their partner.
Respondents answer each item on a 9-point scale ranging from 1 (not at all true, disagree
completely) to 9 (definitely true, agree completely).
Abstracts of Selected Related Articles:
Fehr, B., & Russell, J. A. (1991). Concept of love viewed from a prototype perspective. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 425-438.
Even if superordinate concepts (such as "fruit," "vehicle," "sport") are prototypically
organized, basic-level concepts (such as "apple," "truck," "hockey") might be classically
defined in terms of individually necessary and jointly sufficient features. A series of 6 studies
examined 1 basic-level concept in the domain of emotion, "love," and found that it is better
understood from a prototype than a classical perspective. The natural language concept of
"love" has an internal structure and fuzzy borders: Maternal love, romantic love, affection,
love of work, self-love, infatuation, and other subtypes of love can be reliably ordered from
better to poorer examples of love. In turn, each subtype's goodness as an example of love
(prototypicality) was found to predict various indices of its cognitive processing. Implications
for a scientific definition and typology of love are discussed.
Sternberg, R. J. (1986). A triangular theory of love. Psychological Review, 93, 119-135.
Presents a triangular theory of love, which deals both with the nature of love and with loves
in different kinds of relationships. It is suggested that there are 3 components: (a) intimacy
encompassing the feelings of closeness, connectedness, and bondedness experienced in loving
relationships; (b) passion encompassing the drives that lead to romance, physical attraction,
and sexual consummation; and (c) decision/commitment encompassing, in the short term, the
decision that one loves another, and in the long term, the commitment to maintain that love.
The amount of love one experiences depends on the absolute strength of the 3 components,
and the kind of love one experiences depends on their strengths relative to each other. The
components interact with each other and with the actions that they produce and that
produce them so as to form a number of different kinds of loving experiences. The triangular
theory of love subsumes other theories and can account for a number of empirical findings in
the research literature, as well as for a number of experiences with which many are familiar
firsthand. It is proposed that the triangular theory provides a comprehensive basis for
understanding many aspects of the love that underlies close relationships.
Feeney, J. A., & Noller, P. (1990). Attachment style as a predictor of adult romantic relationships.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 281-291.
Questionnaire measures of attachment style, attachment history, beliefs about relationships,
self-esteem, limerence, loving, love addiction, and love styles were administered to 374
Self Report Measures for Love and Compassion Research: Different Types of Love