# The Unit Circle And Finding Exact Value (Using The Uc) Worksheet With Answers

5.1 / 5.2 – The Unit Circle and Finding Exact Value (using the UC)
2
2
– unit circle → a circle with a radius of 1 and centered at (0 , 0) and has equation of x
+ y
= 1
• reference angle → an acute angle formed between a drawn angle θ and the x-axis.
• terminal point → a point (x , y) that falls on the Unit Circle.
• cosine function → represents the x-coordinate of the terminal point of an angle on the Unit Circle.
• sine function → represents the y-coordinate of the terminal point of an angle on the Unit Circle.
Refer to TRIG CHART / UNIT CIRCLE SHEET to label parts of the Unit Circle:
1.) Complete the TRIG CHART → Use the 45 – 45 – right ∆ and the 30 – 60 – right ∆
2.) Label the degree measure ABOVE each pt on the Unit Circle (only use increments of 30°, 45°, 60°)
3.) Label the radian measure BELOW each pt on the Unit Circle (convert degree measure to radians)
4.) Draw diagonal lines through pairs of points that have the same reference number (angle):
a.) 30° and 210°
b.) 45° and 225°
c.) 60° and 240°
Ref Angle
Ref Angle
Ref Angle
150° and 330°
135° and 315°
120° and 300°
= 30°
= 45°
= 60°
5.) Label the terminal point (x , y) of each degree/radian measure → (x = cos θ , y = sin θ)
6.) Write in Quadrant #’s and where trig functions are positive (ALL SENIORS TAKE CALCULUS)
a.) What is the reference angle for
b.) What is the reference angle
c.) What is the reference angle for
the angle of 240°?
π
the angle of – 750°
3
for the angle of
?
4
f.) If you are at terminal pt (– 1 , 0)
d.) What is the terminal point for
e.) What is the terminal point for
7
π
the angle of 510°?
9
π
and move
CW, what angle did
the angle of
?
4
4
you stop at that is on the UC?
1.) Find the reference angle for given angle θ – Use the “Coloring Coding key” to help determine this.
2.) Use Trig Chart to look up value using reference angle found in step 1.
3.) Use “Signs” Diagram of Trigonometric Functions to determine is value is positive or negative
* If finding the exact value of a quadrant angle (90°, 180°, 270°, or 360°) → use values in terminal points
Example 2: Using your TC/UC Sheet, find the exact value. Remember – NO DECIMALS!!!!
a.) sin 135° = _______
b.) csc 210° = _______
c.) cos 450° = _______
d.) tan – 780° = _______
11
π
4
π
3
π
( )
e.)
= _______ f.)
g.)
= _______
h.)
= _______
sec
sin
sec
π
= _______
cot
6
3
4
π
π
π
π
7
5
7
11
i.)
= _______
h.)
= ______
j.)
= ______
k.)
= _____
tan
cos
sin
csc
6
3
2
4