G-20: Fact Sheet On Imf Reform - Office Of The Press Secretary - The White House - U.s. Department Of The Treasury - 2010


The White House
Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release
November 12, 2010
G-20: Fact Sheet on IMF Reform
At the Pittsburgh Summit, President Obama led the G-20 in calling for enhancing the role of
dynamic emerging market and developing countries in the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
In response to that call, today in Seoul G-20 Leaders agreed to a historic and comprehensive
reform of the IMF that gives those economies greater voice and representation in the institution’s
governance. This reform will help to create a more effective, credible, and legitimate IMF that
better reflects the global economy of the 21st century. A stronger and more credible IMF
improves the ability of the United States to find common ground with its partners on the policies
needed to secure a strong and balanced global recovery that avoids the reemergence of dangerous
imbalances. U.S. leadership was critical to this agreement, which surpasses the goals set out by
Leaders in Pittsburgh a little over a year ago.
This reform:
Increases the voting power of under-represented dynamic emerging market and
developing countries by over six percent, exceeding the G-20 Pittsburgh commitment of
at least a five percent shift;
Moves Brazil, China, India, and Russia into the top 10 shareholders of the IMF to reflect
the size of their economies;
Protects the voting share of the poorest countries;
Maintains the U.S. veto over key IMF decisions; and
Enhances emerging market and developing country representation on the IMF’s
Executive Board, creating a Board that is more representative of today’s global economy.
Advanced European countries agreed to relinquish two of their eight seats on the Executive
Board to provide greater voice for emerging market and developing countries. The U.S. worked
closely with the European Union and G-20 members to achieve this ambitious reform.
Governance reforms have been combined with significant reforms of the IMF’s lending
facilities, including the enhancement of the Flexible Credit Line and the establishment of the
Precautionary Credit Line. These new measures will help prevent crises from spreading by
allowing strongly-performing countries to insure themselves against external shocks during
future crises. This, in turn, will help to build a more smoothly-functioning international
monetary system and facilitate the strong global recovery needed to create jobs here in the
United States.


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