Grammar Cheat Sheet:
PARTS OF SPEECH
Present tense: I eat pizza often.
Past tense: I ate pizza last night.
A little word that does
It is a word that stands in for a noun.
Future tense: I will eat pizza later
When is Josh a “him” and when is he a “he”?
Which is correct?
Present perfect tense: I have eaten
I like you better than him.
Says yes or no
pizza many times.
I like you better than he.
Past perfect tense: I had eaten pizza
just before you arrived.
Both are correct, but they mean entirely different
Future perfect tense: I will have eaten
pizza at least a million times by the
I like you better than him.= I like you better than I
I like you better than he.-I like you better than he
Subjective case—the doer (subject) of the action:
I throw the ball.
Objective case—the receiver (object) of the action:
If you put –ing on the end of a verb, you can turn the
Throw the ball to me.
verb into a noun –and that noun is called a gerund.
Possessive case—shows ownership:
I run [verb]. Running [noun/gerund] is fun.
My throw to third base won the game!
I eat [verb] ice cream. Eating [noun/gerund]
ice cream is even more fun than running
Adjective and Adverb
Possessive nouns and pronouns (ones that show
ownership) are usually used with gerunds:
Mom doesn’t like me eating too much ice cream.
Adjectives describe nouns or
Mom doesn’t like my eating too much ice cream.
pronouns and tell these things:
Which one: this, that
What kind: red, large, sick
How many: six, four, many,
Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives,
When you are confused whether to use I or me…
or another adverb and tell these
turn the sentence around!
In language arts, the best students are Ryan and
It is a word that shows
Where: there, here,
how a noun or pronoun
Turn it around:
outside, inside, away
Me am the best student. WRONG
relates to another part
When: now, then, later,
I am the best student. RIGHT
of a sentence:
How: quickly, slowly,
In, on, of, by, for, with
and many more!
How often or how long:
never, twice, sometimes
How much: hardly,
extremely, too, more
A word that joins words or groups of words: and, but, yet, for, so, or,
Hint: most adverbs are formed by
Correlative Conjunctions are used in Pairs:
adding –ly to the adjective, so if you
not only—but also both—and
see an –ly word, it’s usually an