# Place Value: Metric System Page 2

METRIC PLACE VALUE RELATIONSHIPS
NOTE: King Henry Doesn't Mind Drinking Cold Milk is a mneumonic device you may find helpful.
KING
HENRY
DOESN'T
MIND
DRINKING
COLD
MILK
Prefix
kilo-
hecto-
deca-
metre
deci-
centi-
milli-
Meaning
1000
100
10
1
1/10
1/100
1/1000
Distance
km
hm
dam
m
dm
cm
mm
Mass
kg
hg
dag
g
dg
cg
mg
Liquid
kL
hL
daL
L
dL
cL
mL
DISTANCE IN RELATION TO THREE STARTING UNITS (1m, 1mm, 1km)
Starting unit
km
hm
dam
m (metre)
dm
cm
mm
1 m
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
1 mm
0.000001
0.00001
0.0001
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
1 km
10
100
1000
10000
100000
1000000
1
MASS (WEIGHT) IN RELATION TO THREE STARTING UNITS (1g, 1mg, 1kg)
Starting unit
kg
hg
dag
g (gram)
dg
cg
mg
1 g
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
1 mg
0.000001
0.00001
0.0001
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
1 kg
10
100
1000
10000
100000
1000000
1
LIQUID CAPACITY IN RELATION TO THREE STARTING UNITS (1L, 1mL, 1kL)
Starting unit
kmL
hL
daL
L (litre)
dL
cL
mL
1 L
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
10
100
1000
1 mL
0.000001
0.00001
0.0001
0.001
0.01
0.1
1
1 kL
1
10
100
1000
10000
100000
1000000
RULE 1 for Distance, Mass, Liquid Capacity: When moving to the next smaller unit multiply by 10.
RULE 2 for Distance, Mass, Liquid Capacity: When moving to the next larger unit divide by 10.
2
2
2
AREA IN RELATION TO THREE STARTING UNITS (1m
, 1mm
, 1km
)
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Starting unit
km
hm
dam
m
dm
c
mm
2
1 m
0.000001
0.0001
0.01
1
100
10000
10000000
2
1 mm
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
0.000001
0.0001
0.01
1
2
1 km
1
100
10000
1000000
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
RULE 1 for Area (2 dimensions): When moving to the next smaller unit multiply by 100.
RULE 2 for Area (2 dimentions): When moving to the next larger unit divide by 100.
3
3
3
VOLUME IN RELATION TO THREE STARTING UNITS (1m
, 1mm
, 1km
)
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
km
hm
dam
m
dm
cm
mm
Starting unit
3
1 m
0.000001
0.001
1000
1000000
1
1000000000
0.000000001
3
1 mm
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
0.000001
0.001
1
0.000000001
3
1 km
1000
1000000
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
* * * * * *
1
1000000000
RULE 1 for Volume (3 dimensions): When moving to the next smaller unit multiply by 1000.
RULE 2 for Volume (3 dimensions): When moving to the next larger unit divide by 1000.

### Related Categories

Parent category: Miscellaneous
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