# Necap Science Grade 11 Reference Sheet

NECAP Science Grade 11 Reference Sheet
Genetic Code
Electromagnetic Spectrum
Wavelength in a vacuum (m)
A G
U C A
U C
G U
–13
–12
–11
–10
–9
–8
–7
–6
–5
–4
–3
–2
–1
0
1
2
3
4
G
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
A
C
C
A
G
U
U
G
G
U
A
C
x rays
Microwaves
A
C
Waves
C
A
Ultraviolet
Infrared
C
A
Gamma rays
T.V. FM
AM
U
G
G
U
G
U
A
C
U
G
C
A
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
U
G
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
10
G
U
Frequency (Hz)
G
U
A
C
A
C
C
A
Visible Light
U
G
(not to scale)
A
C
G
U
A
C
Violet
Blue
Green
Yellow
Orange
Red
C
C
A
A
U
G
U
G
G
U
A
C
C
A
U
G
G
U
C
A
A
G
C
U
Plate Movements
Key
Eurasian
Plate
Eurasian
Transform
North
Plate
American
boundary
Plate
Convergent
African
boundary
Cocos
Plate
Plate
Caribbean
Plate
India-
Divergent
Australian
Pacific
India-
Nazca
Plate
boundary
Plate
Australian
Plate
South
Plate
American
Plate
Direction
of plate
Antarctic
movement
Plate
Formulas
Velocity
v = velocity
Universal Gravitation
F = Force
x = position (x
initial; x
final)
x
x
m m
G = Universal Gravitational
= ∆
x
2
1
1
2
1
2
v =
F
= G
∆x = change in position
–11
2
2
gravity
Constant (6.67 × 10
Nm
/kg
)
t
t
t
2
d
2
1
t = time (t
initial; t
final)
m
= mass of first object
1
2
1
∆t = change in time
= mass of second object
m
2
d = distance between center of m
Acceleration
a = acceleration
1
and m
v = velocity
v
v
= ∆
2
v
2
1
a =
∆v = change in velocity
Momentum
t
t
t
p = momentum
2
1
t = time
p = mv
m = mass
∆t = change in time
v = velocity
Constant Acceleration of Free-
y = vertical distance traveled
Heat
Q = heat transferred
Falling Objects
2
g = acceleration due to gravity (10 m/s
)
Q = mc (T
– T
) = mc∆T
m = mass
2
1
= 1
t = time
c = specific heat (water = 4 J/g • °C)
2
y
gt
2
v = velocity
T = temperature (T
initial; T
final)
1
2
a = acceleration
∆T = change in temperature
v = at
Force
F = Force
Density
D = density
F = ma
m = mass
m = mass
m
=
D
a = acceleration
V = volume
V