5-2: Forms of Energy (pg. 1) Name ____________________________ Per. ____
Key Terms: mechanical energy/ thermal energy/ electrical energy/ chemical energy/
electromagnetic energy. 5 points
I. Mechanical Energy: Pgs. 151-152
A. The form of energy associated with the _________________ and motion of and
objected is called _____________________ energy.
B. Mechanical energy is a mix of ________________ energy and _______________
C. To find an object’s mechanical energy add the object’s _____________ energy
and _________________ energy.
D. An object with mechanical energy can do ______________ on another object.
E. Mechanical energy is the ability to do ______________________.
F. The _____________ mechanical energy an object has, the more _____________ it
II. Other Forms of Energy: (Pgs. 153-155)
A. Forms of energy connected with particles of objects include
____________________ energy, ____________________ energy,
__________________ energy, ________________ energy, and
A. All objects are made of _________________ and _________________.
B. These particles constantly ______________ and have ______________ energy.
C. The ________________ they move the more _______________ energy they have.
D. The total potential and kinetic energy an object has is called _____________ energy.
E. With ice cream on a warm day as the kinetic energy of particles increases so does the
_________________ energy of the ice cream so that it eventually melts.
A. The energy of electrical charges is called __________________ energy.
B. Electrical energy can be _______________ or kinetic depending on whether the
charges are ______________ or moving.
A. _______________ between atoms and molecules hold chemical compounds
B. Chemical energy is the potential energy ________________ in chemical
__________________ that hold chemical compounds together.
C. When bonds in chemical compounds ______________, new chemical compounds
are formed and with this happens _______________ energy may be released.
A. Nuclear energy is potential energy stored in the ______________ of an atom.
B. Nuclear energy is released during a nuclear _________________.
C. Nuclear fission occurs when a __________________ _______________.
D. Nuclear power plants use _____________ to create electricity.
E. _______________ ______________ happens when nuclei of atoms
F. Fusion occurs continuously in the _____________ releasing huge amounts of energy.
A. Sunlight is ________________ magnetic energy.
B. Electromagnetic energy travels in ____________________.
C. The waves have both ______________ and ______________ properties.
D. Forms of electromagnetic energy include X-rays, ______________ radiation,
__________________ radiation, and _______________ waves.