Birth Control Methods Chart
“Typical Use” Failure
(percentage of females who
experience an unintended
pregnancy during the 1st year of
Birth Control Pill
A hormone pill taken by mouth.
A hormone injection given every 1-3 months.
An emergency, high dose of birth control pills
taken within 72 hours (three days) of sex.
Plastic device placed inside the uterus that
contains copper or hormones.
Small rod inserted under the skin of a woman
that releases a low dose of hormone.
A thin, latex or polyurethane (plastic) tube that
covers the penis.
A polyurethane (plastic) tube or pouch that
lines the inside of the vagina.
A small rubber or plastic cup that fits over the
A round rubber dome inserted inside the
vagina to cover the cervix.
A foam sponge containing spermicide placed
inside the vagina.
A cream, foam, jelly, or insert placed into the
vagina that kills sperm.
A hormone patch placed on the female's skin
weekly for 3 weeks, (followed by 1 week off.)
A hormonal ring placed into the vagina for 3
(followed by 1 week off).
Avoiding sex near the time of ovulation,
when pregnancy is most likely to occur.
Permanent surgery that blocks the pathways of
egg or sperm.
Male removes his penis from the female's vagina
prior to ejaculation.