Disparities In Stem Employment By Sex, Race, And Hispanic Origin - American Community Survey Reports (U.s. Census Bureau) Page 12


with older women.
This perspec-
tive would be consistent with a
cohort effect, where we would
expect higher shares of female
employment in STEM in the future,
as young women who are in STEM
occupations age and retain STEM
employment. On the other hand,
these estimates could be consistent
with an age effect. That is, when
women are young, they are more
likely to be employed in STEM, but
as they age, they move out of STEM
In the 1970s, women’s share of
STEM occupations was 12 percent
when they were 25 years old,
sharply declined when women were
in their late-twenties, and remained
relatively low until retirement
(Figure 7).
In 2011, women had
higher shares of STEM employment
than in the 1970s, starting out at
27 percent at the age of 25, and
relative to earlier decades, showed
more stability in STEM employment
during peak employment ages and
into retirement.
However, while
women’s share of STEM employ-
ment is up since 1970, the most
recent decades show much less
Economics and Statistics
Administration, 2012, “STEM Across the
“Gen(d)erations,” Economic Briefing,
Compared to women’s share of total
employment, women’s share of STEM employ-
ment showed little recuperation beyond
childbearing ages in the 1970s. In the total
workforce, women’s employment increased
when they were in their thirties, while in
the STEM workforce, women’s employment
declined in their mid-twenties and remained
low until retirement.
Compared to the total workforce, there
was a steeper decline in women’s share of
employment in STEM occupations at older
ages in 2011.
U.S. Census Bureau


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